Martial Arts

What Are the Different Types of Martial Arts?

Martial arts, such as- Kung Fu, Karate, Judo, are usually various fighting skills or sports. They are considered as ancient techniques of fighting, which mostly originated in East Asia Besides, the purpose of martial arts varies so that they can be classified into armed and unarmed arts. For example, people can use them for their self-defense, physical and mental development, competition, or military purposes. So, these traditional arts of fightinginclude kicks, punches, and throws according to the requirements and types of art. Therefore, there are several types of martial arts that are equally popular due to their aspects. In this article, we will try to present most of them shortly. So, let’s get started-

Aikido: Aikido is a Japanese format of martial art that was developed by Morihei Ueshiba. This art is a physical and spiritual training by which the wisdom and understanding of human nature have been developed. The user of this art uses throwing, joint locking, striking, and pinning techniques to outperform the oppositions by locking the attacker’s joint or changing motion direction.


Hapkido also includes joint locks, kicks, punches, and other striking attacks, but it is known as Korean material art. The weapons like sword, cane, rope, and nunchaku, etc. are used in Hapkido. Though Aikido and Hapkido sound similar for their approaches and strategies, they are different in their ideology, philosophy, and execution techniques. 


This art depends mostly on grappling. Because in this art, the participants will fight firmly with each other and have lots of body contacts. For knocking out the opponent, the practitioner will use the attacker’s momentum and put him down to the floor by joint locking or forcefully pressing the elbow or knee of the opponent. The origin of this art is China and Japan. 

 Martial Arts


A popular and modern format from Japan again. This art is also similar to Jiu Jitsu and Aikido, where the goal is to take down the opponent in the ground and block him from moving. Practitioners use grappling techniques, joint locking, or choking approaches to win the competition.


Karate is widely using for self-defense, which is also developed in Japan. The goal of this art is to block the opponent’s strikes first and the takedown him as soon as possible with quick pin-point strikes. There are some particular styles in Karate, such as Budokan, Kenpo, Goju Ryu, Shito Ryu, Shotokan, etc. Generally, weapons are not allowed in Karate in competitions and freestyle.

Kung Fu:

Kung Fu is a Chinese martial art which aims to protect against the opponent and outperform them with the speedy strike. There is a wide range of fighting techniques and almost 400 substyles in Chinese Kung Fu. But the art can be divided into two types according to its approach. In one approach, the practitioners focus on arm work, including punching; in another method, the focus is acrobatic, including kick and leg work. Kung Fu emphasizes both attacking the opponent aggressively and on relaxation as well. It also gives importance to the visualization according to need and experts’ direction.

Krav Maga:

Krave Maga means battle combat, which is developed by Israel Defense Force, is a martial art where the techniques of wrestling, grappling and striking are used altogether. This art is also known as the most brutal and efficient way of counter-attack, where the goal is to destroy the opponent by any means. There are no actual laws and regulations in this format, and so several things like heavy metal, tree branch, or bulky furniture can be used as weapons in this art. 


This art is a martial art combination of music, dance, and acrobatic moves. This format is known as Brazilian martial art, which is developed by African slaves. The practitioners use punches, kicks, and flips to defend themselves from the opponent. There are some subtypes in this art like; Capoeira Angola, Capoeira Regional, Capoeira Contemporanea, etc. 

Tae Kwon Do:

Tae Kwon Do is one of the oldest art in Korea. Though this is known for the strong kicking, the practitioners learn the system of blocking, punching, and open-handed striking. They also use takedown, throws, and joint lock. Developing strength, speed, flexibility, balancing, and stamina among the learners is the main target of Tae Kwon Do as most of the people learn it for self-defense.  

Tai Chi: 

This Chinese martial art is famous for both self-defense and developing sound health. This art includes choreography and slow-motion postures. Laozi, a famous Chinese philosopher, is considered as the father of Taoism. But some people from popular folklore believe that Zhang San Feng (Taoist Priest) invented tai chi while he was used to living in the Wudang Mountains.

These are the popular formats of martial arts, which are practiced worldwide to develop good health and learn self-defense to stay safe from unwanted events. Besides, martial arts can be a great source of entertainment as well. Many people like Bruce Lee and Jackie Chan have gained a wide range of popularity worldwide by a great representation of martial arts.